PDL::FFT - FFTs for PDL

# NAME

PDL::FFT - FFTs for PDL

# DESCRIPTION

FFTs for PDL. These work for arrays of any dimension, although ones with small prime factors are likely to be the quickest.

Each routine works `inplace'.

# SYNOPSIS

`        use PDL::FFT qw/:Func/;`
```        fft(\$real,\$imag);
ifft(\$real,\$imag);
realfft(\$real);
realifft(\$real);```
```        fftnd(\$real,\$imag);
ifftnd(\$real,\$imag);```
```        \$kernel = kernctr(\$image,\$smallk);
fftconvolve(\$image,\$kernel);```

# ALTERNATIVE FFT PACKAGES

Various other modules - such as PDL::FFTW and PDL::Slatec - contain FFT routines. However, unlike PDL::FFT, these modules are optional, and so may not be installed.

# FUNCTIONS

## fft

`  Signature: ([o,nc]real(n); [o,nc]imag(n))`

Complex FFT of the ``real'' and ``imag'' arrays [inplace]

## ifft

`  Signature: ([o,nc]real(n); [o,nc]imag(n))`

Complex Inverse FFT of the ``real'' and ``imag'' arrays [inplace]

## `realfft()`

One-dimensional FFT of real function [inplace].

The real part of the transform ends up in the first half of the array and the imaginary part of the transform ends up in the second half of the array.

`        realfft(\$real);`

## `realifft()`

Inverse of one-dimensional realfft routine [inplace].

`        realifft(\$real);`

## `fftnd()`

N-dimensional FFT (inplace)

`        fftnd(\$real,\$imag);`

## `ifftnd()`

N-dimensional inverse FFT

`        ifftnd(\$real,\$imag);`

## `fftconvolve()`

N-dimensional convolution

```        \$kernel = kernctr(\$image,\$smallk);
fftconvolve(\$image,\$kernel);```

fftconvolve works inplace, and returns an error array in kernel as an accuracy check -- all the values in it should be negligible.

The sizes of the image and the kernel must be the same. kernctr centres a small kernel to emulate the behaviour of the direct convolution routines.

The speed cross-over between using straight convolution (PDL::Image2D::conv2d()) and these fft routines is for kernel sizes roughly 7x7.

## convmath

`  Signature: ([o,nc]a(m); [o,nc]b(m))`

Internal routine doing maths for convolution

## cmul

`  Signature: (ar(); ai(); br(); bi(); [o]cr(); [o]ci())`

Complex multiplication

## cdiv

`  Signature: (ar(); ai(); br(); bi(); [o]cr(); [o]ci())`

Complex division

# BUGS

Where the source is marked `FIX', could re-implement using phase-shift factors on the transforms and some real-space bookkeeping, to save some temporary space and redundant transforms.

# AUTHOR

This file copyright (C) 1997, 1998 R.J.R. Williams (rjrw@ast.leeds.ac.uk), Karl Glazebrook (kgb@aaoepp.aao.gov.au), Tuomas J. Lukka, (lukka@husc.harvard.edu) All rights reserved. There is no warranty. You are allowed to redistribute this software / documentation under certain conditions. For details, see the file COPYING in the PDL distribution. If this file is separated from the PDL distribution, the copyright notice should be included in the file.

 PDL::FFT - FFTs for PDL