HTML::Mason::ApacheHandler - Mason/mod_perl interface


HTML::Mason::ApacheHandler - Mason/mod_perl interface


    use HTML::Mason::ApacheHandler;
    my $ah = new HTML::Mason::ApacheHandler ( params..);
    sub handler {
        my $r = shift;


The ApacheHandler object links Mason to mod_perl, running components in response to HTTP requests. It is controlled primarily through parameters to the new() constructor.

handle_request() is not a user method, but rather is called from the HTML::Mason::handler() routine in


The following are parameters to pass explicitly when using HTML::Mason::ApacheHandler. e.g.

    use HTML::Mason::ApacheHandler (args_method=>'mod_perl');
Method to use for unpacking GET and POST arguments. The valid options are 'CGI' and 'mod_perl'; these indicate that a or Apache::Request object (respectively) will be created for the purposes of argument handling. These objects are, unfortunately, not yet accessible from components.

'CGI' is the default and should work on most Perl systems. However, if you have the Apache::Request package (or are inclined to fetch it from CPAN), you might switch to 'mod_perl' for speed and memory efficiency.

When specifying args_method='CGI', the Mason request object ($m) will have a method called cgi_object available. This method returns the CGI object used in the ApacheHandler code.

When specifying args_method='mod_perl', the $r global is upgraded to an Apache::Request object. This object inherits all Apache methods and adds a few of its own, dealing with parameters and file uploads. See Apache::Request manual page for more information.


Title that you want this ApacheHandler to appear as under Apache::Status. Default is ``HTML::Mason status''. This is useful if you create more then one ApacheHandler object and want them all visible via Apache::Status.

True or undef; default true. Indicates whether Mason should automatically send HTTP headers before sending content back to the client. If you set to false, you should call $r->send_http_header manually.

See the Devel/sending_http_headers of the Component Developer's Guide for details about the automatic header feature.

debug_handler_proc, debug_handler_script, debug_mode, debug_perl_binary
The debug_* parameters control Mason's use of debug files. Component Admin/debugging procedures are fully described in the Mason Administrator's Guide.

Indicates whether Mason should decline directory requests, leaving Apache to serve up a directory index or a FORBIDDEN error as appropriate. Default is 1. See Admin/Allowing directory requests for more information about handling directories with Mason.

Specifies how to handle Perl errors. Options are 'html', 'fatal', 'raw_html', and 'raw_fatal'; the default is 'html'.

In html mode the handler sends a readable HTML version of the error message to the client. This mode is most useful on a development server.

In fatal mode the handler simply dies with a compact version of the error message. This may be caught with an eval around $ah->handle_request or left for Apache to handle. In the latter case the error will end up in the error logs. This mode is most useful on a production server.

The raw_html and raw_fatal modes emulate pre-1.02 error behavior. They are analagous to the modes above except that the errors are not processed for readability or compactness. The resulting messages are much longer, but may include information accidentally omitted by Mason's processing.

Regardless of this setting, no readability processing occurs if you have overriden the Interp/die_handler Interp parameter.

This parameter has been replaced by the equivalent Interp parameter Interp/out_mode. For backward compatibility, setting $ah->output_mode will cause $interp->out_mode to be set appropriately.

Reference to a subroutine that decides whether a component can answer top level requests. This allows for private-use components that live within the DocumentRoot but are inaccesible from URLs. By default, always returns 1.

The subroutine receives one parameter, the absolute path to the component. It then returns either a true (serve component) or false (reject component). In this example, the predicate rejects requests for components whose name starts with an ``_'' character:

    top_level_predicate => sub { $_[0] !~ m{/_[^/]+$}


All of the above properties have standard accessor methods of the same name: no arguments retrieves the value, and one argument sets it. For example:

    my $ah = new HTML::Mason::ApacheHandler;
    my $errmode = $ah->error_mode;


Jonathan Swartz,


HTML::Mason, HTML::Mason::Parser, HTML::Mason::Interp, HTML::Mason::Admin

 HTML::Mason::ApacheHandler - Mason/mod_perl interface