Net::Server::PreFork - Net::Server personality


Net::Server::PreFork - Net::Server personality


  use Net::Server::PreFork;
  @ISA = qw(Net::Server::PreFork);
  sub process_request {


Please read the pod on Net::Server and Net::Server::PreForkSimple first. This module is a personality, or extension, or sub class, of the Net::Server::PreForkSimple class which is a sub class of Net::Server. See the Net::Server::PreForkSimple manpage.

This personality binds to one or more ports and then forks min_servers child process. The server will make sure that at any given time there are min_spare_servers available to receive a client request, up to max_servers. Each of these children will process up to max_requests client connections. This type is good for a heavily hit site, and should scale well for most applications. (Multi port accept is accomplished using flock to serialize the children).


Please see the sample listed in Net::Server.


In addition to the command line arguments of the Net::Server base class and the Net::Server::PreForkSimple parent class, Net::Server::PreFork contains several other configurable parameters. You really should also see the Net::Server::PreForkSimple manpage.

  Key                 Value                   Default
  min_servers         \d+                     5
  min_spare_servers   \d+                     2
  max_spare_servers   \d+                     10
  max_servers         \d+                     50
  max_requests        \d+                     1000
  serialize           (flock|semaphore|pipe)  undef
  # serialize defaults to flock on multi_port or on Solaris
  lock_file           "filename"              POSIX::tmpnam
  check_for_dead      \d+                     30
  check_for_waiting   \d+                     10
  max_dequeue         \d+                     undef
  check_for_dequeue   \d+                     undef
  child_communication 1                       undef
The minimum number of servers to keep running.

The minimum number of servers to have waiting for requests. Minimum and maximum numbers should not be set to close to each other or the server will fork and kill children too often.

The maximum number of servers to have waiting for requests. See min_spare_servers.

The maximum number of child servers to start. This does not apply to dequeue processes.

Seconds to wait before checking to see if we can kill off some waiting servers.

Enable child communication to parent via unix sockets. If set to true, will let children write to the socket contained in $self->{server}->{parent_sock}. The parent will be notified through child_is_talking_hook where the first argument is the socket to the child. The child's socket is stored in $self->{server}->{children}->{$child_pid}->{sock}.


Net::Server::PreFork allows for the use of a configuration file to read in server parameters. The format of this conf file is simple key value pairs. Comments and white space are ignored.

  #-------------- file test.conf --------------
  ### server information
  min_servers   20
  max_servers   80
  min_spare_servers 10
  min_spare_servers 15
  max_requests  1000
  ### user and group to become
  user        somebody
  group       everybody
  ### logging ?
  log_file    /var/log/server.log
  log_level   3
  pid_file    /tmp/
  ### access control
  allow       .+\.(net|com)
  allow       domain\.com
  deny        a.+
  ### background the process?
  background  1
  ### ports to bind
  port        localhost:20204
  port        20205
  ### reverse lookups ?
  # reverse_lookups on
  ### enable child communication ?
  # child_communication
  #-------------- file test.conf --------------


Process flow follows Net::Server until the loop phase. At this point min_servers are forked and wait for connections. When a child accepts a connection, finishs processing a client, or exits, it relays that information to the parent, which keeps track and makes sure there are enough children to fulfill min_servers, min_spare_servers, max_spare_servers, and max_servers.


The PreFork server has the following hooks in addition to the hooks provided by PreForkSimple. See the Net::Server::PreForkSimple manpage.

This hook occurs any time that the parent reads information from the child. The line from the child is sent as an argument.

This hook occurs if child_communication is true and the child has written to $self->{server}->{parent_sock}. The first argument will be the open socket to the child.


See the Net::Server manpage


Paul T. Seamons


See the Net::Server manpage


Please see also the Net::Server::Fork manpage, the Net::Server::INET manpage, the Net::Server::PreForkSimple manpage, the Net::Server::MultiType manpage, the Net::Server::Single manpage the Net::Server::SIG manpage the Net::Server::Daemonize manpage the Net::Server::Proto manpage

 Net::Server::PreFork - Net::Server personality