Apache::Util - Interface to Apache C util functions


Apache::Util - Interface to Apache C util functions


  use Apache::Util qw(:all);


This module provides a Perl interface to some of the C utility functions available in Perl. The same functionality is avaliable in libwww-perl, but the C versions are faster:

    use Benchmark;
    timethese(1000, {
        C => sub { my $esc = Apache::Util::escape_html($html) },
        Perl => sub { my $esc = HTML::Entities::encode($html) },
    Benchmark: timing 1000 iterations of C, Perl...
            C:  0 secs ( 0.17 usr  0.00 sys =  0.17 cpu)
         Perl: 15 secs (15.06 usr  0.04 sys = 15.10 cpu)
    use Benchmark;
    timethese(10000, {
        C => sub { my $esc = Apache::Util::escape_uri($uri) },
        Perl => sub { my $esc = URI::Escape::uri_escape($uri) },
    Benchmark: timing 10000 iterations of C, Perl...
            C:  0 secs ( 0.55 usr  0.01 sys =  0.56 cpu)
         Perl:  2 secs ( 1.78 usr  0.01 sys =  1.79 cpu)


This routine replaces unsafe characters in $string with their entity representation.
 my $esc = Apache::Util::escape_html($html);

This function will correctly escape US-ASCII output. If you are using a different character set such as UTF8, or need more control on the escaping process, use HTML::Entities.

This function replaces all unsafe characters in the $string with their escape sequence and returns the result.
 my $esc = Apache::Util::escape_uri($uri);

This function decodes all %XX hex escape sequences in the given URI.
 my $unescaped = Apache::Util::unescape_uri($safe_uri);

This function is similar to unescape_uri() but is specialized to remove escape sequences from the query string portion of the URI. The main difference is that it translates the ``+'' character into spaces as well as recognizing and translating the hex escapes.


 $string = $r->uri->query;
 my %data = map { Apache::Util::unescape_uri_info($_) }
              split /[=&]/, $string, -1;
 This would correctly translate the query string
 ``name=Fred+Flintstone&town=Bedrock'' into the hash:
 data => 'Fred Flintstone',
 town => 'Bedrock'

Parses an HTTP date in one of three standard forms:
 Sun, 06 Nov 1994 08:49:37 GMT  ; RFC 822, updated by RFC 1123
 Sunday, 06-Nov-94 08:49:37 GMT ; RFC 850, obsoleted by RFC 1036
 Sun Nov  6 08:49:37 1994       ; ANSI C's asctime() format


 my $secs = Apache::Util::parsedate($date_str);

Format a time string.


 my $str = Apache::Util::ht_time(time);
 my $str = Apache::Util::ht_time(time, "%d %b %Y %T %Z");
 my $str = Apache::Util::ht_time(time, "%d %b %Y %T %Z", 0);

Converts the given file size into a formatted string. The size given in the string will be in units of bytes, kilobytes, or megabytes, depending on the size.
 my $size = Apache::Util::size_string -s $r->finfo;

Validate a plaintext password against a smashed one. Use either crypt() (if available), ap_MD5Encode() or ap_SHA1Encode depending upon the format of the smashed input password.

Returns true if they match, false otherwise.

 if (Apache::Util::validate_password("slipknot", "aXYx4GnaCrDQc")) {
     print "password match\n";
 else {
     print "password mismatch\n";


Doug MacEachern



 Apache::Util - Interface to Apache C util functions